Tenganan Traditional Village

Tenganan is a traditional village on the island of Bali. The village is located in District Manggis, Karangasem regency in the east of Bali island. Tenganan can be reached from Candi Dasa tourism place and located about 10 kilometers from there. Tenganan village is one of the three villages of Bali Aga, besides Trunyan and Sembiran. Bali Aga is a village that still maintains a pattern of life whose community order refers to the traditional customary rules of the village inherited from their ancestors. The shape and size of the building and the yard, the location of the building, until the location of the temple is made by following the customary rules which are hereditaryly maintained. According to some versions of the historical record, the word Tenganan comes from the word “middle” or “ngatengahang” which means “moving into a deeper region”. The word is related to the movement of villagers from coastal areas to settlements in the middle of the hills, namely Bukit Kauh (Bukit Kauh) and Bukit Timur (Bukit Kangin). Another history says that the people of Tenganan come from the village of Peneges, Gianyar, formerly referred to as Bedahulu. According to folklore, King Bedahulu once lost one of his horses and people looked for him to the East. The horse was found dead by Ki Patih Tunjung Biru, the believer of the king. Upon his loyalty, Ki Patih Tunjung Biru gets the authority to regulate the area that has the scent of the carrion of the horse. Ki Patih get a large area because he cut the carcass of the horse and spread it as far as he can. That is the origin of the Tenganan Village area. mmm Tenganan villagers until 2016 consist of 2,248 men and 2,379 women with sex ratio 94. Generally, Tenganan villagers work as rice farmers, but others make handicrafts. Some typical crafts from Tenganan are woven bamboo, carvings, and paintings on palm leaves that have been burned. [7] In this village visitors can see the village buildings and young craftsmen who draw the lontar. Since long time, the people of Tenganan Village have also been known for their skill in weaving gringsing cloth. How to work this gringsing cloth is called the double bond technique. The technique is the only one in Indonesia and the famous gringsing fabric is famous to foreign countries. Tenganan residents still use the barter system in their daily life. Daily life in this village is still governed by customary law called awig-awig. The law was written in the 11th century and was renewed in 1842. [8] Tenganan traditional house built from a mixture of red rocks, river rocks, and soil. While the roof is made of pile of rumbi leaves. Traditional houses that have a relatively similar shape and size, with the typical entrance of a width of only one adult size. Another feature is the top of the door seen together with the roof of the house. The villagers have a unique tradition of recruiting prospective village leaders, one of them through custom procession mesabar-sabatan biu (banana war). Proponents of village counselors are trained according to local custom since childhood or gradually and the customary tradition is a kind of psychological test for prospective village leaders. On the date specified by the local calendar system (around July) will be held ngusaba sambah with a unique tradition of mageret pandan (war pandanus). In the event, two pairs of village youth will fight on the stage with each other by using the pandanus spines. Although it will cause injury, they have an antiseptic drug from a tuber material that will be smeared on all the wounds until it dries and heals within a few days. The tradition is to continue the routine battlefield and create people with strong physical and mental condition. Tenganan residents have been known as Hindu devotees of Dewa Indra, who are believed to be gods of war. The Tenganan community teaches and upholds the concept of Tri Hita Karana (concept in Hinduism) and manifests it in everyday life. Tri means three and Hita Karana means the cause of happiness to achieve balance and harmony. Tri Hita Karana consists of the Divine (a balanced relationship between man and God), Pawongan (harmonious relationship between man and other human), and Palemahan (harmonious relationship between man and the surrounding natural environment).

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