Puputan Margarana

The story of Colonel I Gusti Ngurah Rai has been widely written in history books in this country. The hero of freedom was killed in the war to death known as Puputan Margarana war in 1946. With his soldier, Gusti Ngurah Rai chose against the Dutch all the way to death rather than surrender. This incident occurred on November 20, 1946 in Banjar Kelaci, Marga Subdistrict, Tabanan District, Bali Province. One of the heroic stories of I Gusti Ngurah Rai is written in the book “Traces of Heroes” written Sudarmanto. In the book was told after the Proclamation of Independence August 17, 1945, Colonel Gusti Ngurah Rai accepts the task of forming TKR (People’s Security Army) in his area to block the Dutch aggression who want to return to control Bali after the Japanese leave because lost in World War II. Ngurah Rai then formed a small Sunda troop called Ciung Wanara. When forming the troops, he then consulted the TKR Headquarters in Yogyakarta as the seat of government at the time. But back from Yogya, it turns out that the Dutch have landed in Bali. On the other side of the Ciung Wanara army established Ngurah Rai has been scattered into small troops. Then his first attempt was to gather his troops. The Dutch initially invited Ngurah Rai to cooperate in the effort of the occupation. This is apparent in Captain J.M.T Kunie’s letter to Ngurah Rai which essentially invites negotiation. But instead of being accepted, the invitation of cooperation was actually rejected by Ngurah Rai. gusti_ngurah_rai1 “Our negotiations are submitted to the wisdom of our leaders in Java. Bali is not the place for diplomacy talks. And I’m not a compromise. I on behalf of the people only want the Dutch disappearance from the island of Bali or we are able to fight on and on until our ideals are achieved. “In short, the Dutch rejoined troops from Lombok, aiming to ambush Ngurah Rai troops in Tabanan. The colonel who knew the Dutch movement immediately moved his troops to the village of Marga. They trek the eastern end of the island of Bali, including across Mount Agung. But the effort was sniffed by the Dutch troops and finally pursued them. On November 20, 1946, in the village of Marga Ngurah Rai forces and Dutch troops met until finally there was a fierce battle. In the battle the Ciung Wanara forces succeeded in repelling the Dutch troops. But the battle did not stop because the Dutch troop reinforcements came with large numbers, equipped with more modern weaponry and supported the strength of fighter aircraft. Conditions were turned, Ngurah Rai forces instead pushed because of the unbalanced power. As the day went on, the battle between Ngurah Rai and the Dutch forces did not stop. Dutch troops also increasingly brutal with pounding forces Ciung Wanara with guns and bombs from the fighter. Until finally Ciung Wanara forces pushed into open areas in the area of ​​rice fields and corn fields in the area of ​​Kelaci, Marga Village. In a state of urgency that Ngurah Rai issued orders Puputan or battle all-out. In view of Balinese fighters, it is better to fight as a knight than to fall into enemy hands. Finally that night, November 20, 1946 Gusti Ngurah Rai died with his troops. This event was later recorded as the event of Puputan Margarana. Puputan Margarana is an important milestone struggle of the people of Indonesia. The defeat of Ngurah Rai troops also smoothed efforts for the Dutch to form the State of East Indonesia (NIT). But the business again failed after Indonesia became a unitary state in 1950.


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