Museum of West Nusa Tenggara (NTB) or commonly called Museum Lombok, located in the Village Taman Sari, District Ampenan, Mataram City. This museum is the most complete museum in the region with a collection of NTB reach 7,000 pieces. Some of them are historical relics in the period before humans know the writing. Not only the relics of the tribe that inhabit Lombok and Sumbawa, in this museum you will also find relics from the Chinese who once stopped to trade.
The museum was pioneered since 1976 and inaugurated by the Minister of Education and Culture Dr. Daoed Joesoef on January 23, 1982. The museum is managed very nicely, the placement of the appropriate collection of the room to make the visitors comfortable to enjoy the collections are displayed. Coupled with the right temperature, the condition of the museum’s collection was well preserved.
At the front of the museum, there are estuarine crocodiles preserved in glass cases. Originally from Dompu, Sumbawa, this large crocodile has a length of 4 meters and a width of 1 meter – very large for crocodile crocodile size. When alive, the large crocodile is stirring Dompu residents because they have eaten local residents. The crocodile was eventually captured, preserved, then handed over to the museum in 2010.
On the right-left wall of this lobby room, you will find paintings that tell about the arts of Lombok Island and Sumbawa. After passing through the lobby, you will enter 2 main building, which is permanent exhibition room.
Inside the first building, there is a miniature island of Lombok and Sumbawa. This miniature is made with detail, so you can clearly see the geography of the island of Lombok and Sumbawa. Like the lowlands, mountains, lakes, and rivers that exist on both islands. On the north side of the room you will be presented with information about some species of flora and fauna on both islands, which are endangered and protected by the government. Like Gaharu Trees (Exoecaria aqallocia), Kelicung Wood (Dyospiros malabarica), Beo Sumbawa, Halifron King Butterfly, and some marine biota.
Going to the second building you will pass a short connecting corridor, which in the middle there is a miniature of Borobudur Temple and Prambanan Temple. The second building is larger than the first building. Upon entering this building, you will be greeted by several pairs of brides wearing some traditional tribal clothing. Like the Sasak, Sumbawa, Bima, and Bali. Next to the Balinese bride, you will see a horse or Jaran Kumput. Jaran Kumput is a sasak tribal tradition, to parade around the village of their newly completed child in circumcision. You will also find examples of traditional looms, commonly used on the island of Lombok and Bima. These types of looms are still used in Sukarara and Pringgasela villages. In addition to looms, you will also see woven products with typical motifs of Sasak and Suku Bima.
On the north side of this room, you will see different types of Chinese chandeliers (Ching Dynasty) from the 10th-14th century. As well as traditional musical instruments, worship equipment of Hindus and Muslims, various masks, idol statues in Hinduism, tools of folk games, as well as swords and knives engraved with Arabic and Sasak letters. At the very end, you can see a variety of jewelry, ceremonial gear, and various kris with various ornaments.
On the South side of the room, you will encounter various Takepan. Takepan This is an ancient manuscript document made of palm leaves and wood, written with the letters Sasak and Arabic. There are four Takepan on display. Namely Takepan Babad Suwung, Takepan Kotaragama, Takepan Indrajaya, and Takepan Monyeh. Each Takepan contains different stories. For example, Takepan Babad Suwung tells of a small kingdom on the island of Lombok, such as the kingdom of Selaparang, Bayan, and Pejanggik. While Takepan Indrajaya tells about Indrajaya who is deepening the teachings of Islam from Sheikh Salamuddin.
In addition to Takepan-takepan, you can also see the relics of the Sultanate of Bima, a variety of traditional kitchen equipment, transportation equipment, sandals Lelampak made from tree leaves of Enau, and miniature fishing village complete with fishing statues that are making a net.
The museum is open every Tuesday to Thursday at 08.00-14.00 WITA, Friday 08.00-11.00 WITA, Saturday 08.00-12.30 WITA, and Sunday 08.00-14.00 WITA. On Mondays and national holidays, the museum is closed.