Mount Batur

Located in the northwest of Mount Agung, the mountain has a caldera measuring 13.8 x 10 km and is one of the largest in the world (van Bemmelen, 1949). The high caldera trunk ranges from 1267 m – 2152 m (peak G. abang). In the caldera I is formed caldera II in the form of a circle with a diameter of approximately 7 km. The base of Caldera II lies between 120 – 300 m lower than Kintamani Undak (base Caldera I). Inside the caldera there is a crescent-shaped lake that occupies the southeastern section about 7.5 km long, a maximum width of 2.5 km, around 22 km and an area of ​​about 16 km2 which is called Lake Batur. The Batur Mountain Caldera is estimated to be formed by two large eruptions, 29,300 and 20,150 years ago [1]. Mount Batur consists of three volcanic cones with each crater, Batur I, Batur II and Batur III. Lava from the eruption of Mount Batur (1926?) Almost buried temple bentar in the temple complex. Mount Batur has erupted many times. The eruption of G. Batur recorded in the history began in 1804 and the last eruption occurred in 2000. From 1804 to 2005, Mount Batur has erupted 26 times [2] and the most devastating occurred on 2 August and ended 21 September 1926. Pura it is still famous as the most beautiful temple in Bali. This temple is dedicated to honor “Dewi Danu”, the goddess of water, as the temple in Lake Bratan is also dedicated to worship “Dewi Danu”. Batur Mountain area is famous as a mainstay tourist attraction of Bangli Regency. According to the story in Lontar Susana Bali, Mount Batur is the peak of Mount Mahameru which moved Batara Pasupati untuik made Sthana Betari Danuh (Dewi Danu’s palace). At any given time, all Hindus from different parts of Bali come to Batur to send Suwaihih to ward off the pest disaster that befell their fields. By delivering this suminih the area of ​​Mount Batur becomes a fertile area. Areas that can be highlighted as a tourist attraction is the crater, the caldera and the lake. There is a stream of water in the ground that drains the water of Lake Batur, which appears to be a spring in some places in Bali and is considered as “Tirta Suci” Cultural tourism located in the area of ​​Mount Batur is Trunyan. Although the entire population of Trunyan is Hindu as is generally Balinese society, they claim that Hindu Trunyan is the original Hindu heritage of kingdom of Majapahit. To the north of Trunyan was a cemetery, a village tomb, but the body was not buried or burned, but placed under a tree after an elaborate death ceremony. This burial place is filled with bones, and we may find new bodies.


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