Village Julah, Tejakula District, Buleleng District
1. History of the Village
In ancient times at Pura Balai Agung Desa Julah there are 20 pieces of bronze inscription, but now there are only 11 pieces, and the remaining 9 sheets are stored in Pura Balai Agung Desa Sembiran, according to this 20 sheets can be divided into 6 groups namely:
1. the time of Queen Ugrasena
2. the days of King Tabanendra Warmadewa
3. the time of King Janasdhu Warmadewa
4. the time of Queen Sang Ajnadewi
5. King Wungcu Child Age
6. Jaya Raja Jaya Pangus
All of these inscriptions had been published by one of the foreign scholars named Mr. Dr. Brandes. in the Tijschrift magazine, Bata fiaasch Genootschap, published in 1889. Then some of the Inscriptions were reissued. Goris in his book entitled Bali Inscription appeared in 1954. In the year caka 844 (dated 24 January 923 AD) The Queen Sri Ugrasena together with his high officials held a trial with the Village Village’s hoodlums, housed in pendapa Istana Singhamandewa . In the negotiations it was explained that the residents of the village of Julah very rowdy, restless restless, scared because of the bands of robbers who often catch and kidnap residents of Julah Village. From the chaos that resulted in most residents of Julah Village run to flee to a safer place. The event was formulated in the negotiations held by the Queen Ugrasena, by taking several decisions, among others: all residents of Julah Village who still exist in places of removal must immediately return to the village of Julah to stay in the original place. Also the Queen Ugrasena made the rules of the uphearted of the dead who were robbed, died of starch, in addition to the ordinary ritual ordinances. With the existence of the taxes that the community producer of the village of Julah which is usually in picked by the king is now all removed, but the fees for ceremonial fees in the temple still apply. Next dip [also urban village residents Julah prohibited from capturing or kidnapping the folks (people) belonged to others. And there is if there is a boat or boat that washed up in the sea, then the contents of the boat should be the property of the temple or used. the boundaries of his village were also established in the laws of King Ugrasena. Among other things inscription inscription of this one group.
When the time of Queen Ugrasena is ruled in Bali, and in Java who reigns is the King Tulodong with Rakrian Patih Majlis namely Mpu Sendok. It seems that the Queen Ugrasena’s attempt to appease the villagers of Julah Village is useless. Furthermore, his government in exchange for Sri Aji Tabanendra Warmadewa. This king ruled in Bali in 955 AD and who ruled in Java was Sri MakutawangCa Wardana. From the wisdom of the king reigned, most of the residents of Julah Village who had been displaced elsewhere, have now returned to their home village. Subsequently the King has decided that villages entering the village of Julah include: Kutur Village, Tukad Memurpur Village, Poh Talur, Tring Wor, Ratu Kamodi, Lijong, Baringin, Air Puhun, Air Pomp, Air Ranusan, Air Tampi, Air Hepu , Air Poh Tanduk ,, Balimbing, Renek, Bakar, Temple. This charter was made in caka 873 (December 19, 951) Then the government of Sri Aji Tabanendra – Warmadewa, was replaced by king Sri Janasdhu – Warmadewa. In the year 897 (6 April 975 AD) this king together with his high parekanes could gather the leaders or the prelates of the Julian Paradise who had recently returned from the outposts. In the negotiations the King has decided the following: If there are damaged buildings such as: temples, cemeteries, showers, baths, temples and highways must be repaired and the costs charged to the village place: Julah Village, Indra Pura Village (now called Desa Depehe), Buhundalem Village (now Bondalem Village) and Hiliran Village (Tejakula Village). it was decided also if there is a robbery came to dharmakuta hermitage, then all residents of Julah Village must come out with a complete weapon to help or help the hermitage. About fees for fees in the ceremonies at the Temple have been established also in accordance with the decisions of previous Kings. The law of King Janasadhu Warmadewa was made on 6 April 975 AD, and was carved on bronze by his scribe named Banacri. From the government of Sang Sri Janasadhu, to the government of Dharma Udayana – Warmadesa (10 11 AD) the state of Julah Village and its area is very peaceful and secure. Apparently so far the robbers no longer come to the village of Julah, because the population is getting stronger and united. At the time of this Janashadu ruled in Bali, then who ruled in Java is the King of Dharma House. A 41-year-old from his government Janashadu – Warmadewa then who reigned in Bali is a princess queen who Titled Sang Ajna Dewi. since the Ajna Goddess ruling in Bali Julah Village residents again suffered damage and anxiety. many of the inhabitants of Julah Village were killed and captured or abducted by the gangs that came from Bayan Bisti Village. 200 heads of families have fled to safer places. finally the villagers who lived only 50 families. Their refuge at that time was called Pawelah / Sawelah. Furthermore, during the Queen Ajna Goddess governing the state of Julah Village getting worse. Similarly, the successor to King King Marakata who reigned in 1022 AD – 1026 AD, also can not return residents of the village of Julah. These four inscriptions of class 4 are written on September 11, 1016 AD, at this time who ruled in Java is the King Erlangga. In the year of Caka 987 (10 August 1065 AD), the leaders and the penghulu of Julah Village, Widatar Village, Keduran Village, Pasuruhan Village and Pasungan Village all face to face Sri Paduka Aji Anak Bungsu want to negotiate to make the new village law Julah. The decisions in the negotiations include: If there are merchants who use boats from the land across to the temple Menasa (this puru is now on the east of Sinabun Village), suddenly damaged in the sea boat, then all residents of Julah Village must help him. If suddenly there are enemies who want to invade the inhabitants of the coast, then all residents of Julah Village should immediately come out and carry a full weapon. about the spectacle taxes and the singing societies, the gongs are prescribed.
The charter is equipped with the words of oath and curse. this law was made in court by the scribe of the king named Bajarangsa, at the time of this youngest son ruled in Bali, in Java ruled by the king of Kediri who holds Sri Semara Utsaha Ratna Sangka. Apparently from the year 1065 AD – 1181 M the condition of the village of Julah and its surroundings is somewhat tranquil and safe, although some residents have diverted elsewhere. In the year 1181 AD King Jayapangus has liberated Keduran Village to become Autonomous Village (Swatantra). In the past before this year Keduran Village became the village of Julah Village. Other than that the King of Jayapangus has set the boundaries of the village of Julah, the tax regulations such as customs duties (duties) Boats and canoes anchored by the village of Julah Village, marriage regulations, the inheritance of the deceased, compulsory rules for the cost of ceremonies in temples and others that have been adapted to the rules made by Raja Anak WungCu, the time of Jayapangus reigned in Bali while in Java was ruled by Sri Kronca Aryadhipa.