Biorock Pemuteran

KNOWING BIOROCK IN THE SHIPPING
The beach in Pemuteran (West Bali) is not a tropical beach that is typical of my dreams. The sand is blackish brown with dark green water. So I thought, under the sea would be mediocre. So, when I offered to dive on one of his sites named Biorock, I accepted it just because I still wanted to dive once again that day. It was late afternoon, as we walked along the beach near Taman Sari Resort while carrying a compressed water tube on the back. Our dive that afternoon was a shore dive, because the Biorock dive site is located not far from the beach. Immediately after the entry, we went through a wide expanse of sandy sandals, occasionally punctuated by seagrass beds. Fifteen minutes we dive, and our position deepens, but the Biorock dive site we’re headed has not been seen yet. Arya who became our dive guide also looks a little disorientated, so he needs to borrow a compass from one of our dive buddy. After changing directions and adjusting to the compass instructions, we found an area filled with statues and stone buildings similar to temples. But we did not linger there, because it seems some other diver less enjoy the area. Perhaps because the sunlight that penetrates the water getting dim, thus creating a mystical impression in situ. Dive among the statues on the seabed. We turned a little back to the left, and soon found sandy areas filled with artificial structures of various shapes, upon which were filled with corals of different kinds, shapes, and colors. Finally we reached Biorock. Outside my shadow, Biorock dive site is very beautiful. Because the coral collection looks healthy, it fills the area. Different from our previous trip, which is rarely accompanied by fish. Then the artificial structure that became the basis of Biorock formed spaces filled with fish and other sea creatures scattered among the reefs. unfortunately, at that time I only brought action cam only, so the documentation that I produce only a la measure, and the rest of the video. Biorock © also known as Seacrete (Sea Concrete) or Seament (Sea Cement) is a trade name owned by Biorock Inc., referring to substances that are formed through the electro accumulation process of minerals dissolved in seawater. The Biorock Method © is based on the Mineral Accretion Process (MAT) or the Growth Process of Minerals, which is discovered, developed, and patented by alm. Professor Wolf Hilbertz, an architect and marine scientist. The concept of mineral mining naturally dissolved in seawater, initially realized by prof. Hilbertz as a way to produce construction materials equivalent to concrete. He then realized that his invention had greater potential and could be applied to many marine needs. These include the construction and restoration of coral habitats, marine culture, erosion control, coastline enrichment, waves barriers and some other special functions. His continued research and experiments during the 1970s served as the foundation for a modern form of a patented process, now known as the Mineral Accretion Technology (MAT). In line with Prof. Hilbertz continued the development of MAT, he began to incorporate its use in the design and construction of various forms of marine needs. In the early stages of implementation, it was observed that the process increased the growth of marine organisms in and around structures that were affected by the process. So started the collaborative efforts of prof. Hilbertz with Dr. Thomas J. Goreau who is a marine biologist. Cooperation is what later gave birth to Biorock method ©. The team continued research and development that lasted for more than three decades, which unfortunately ended in Prof.’s death. Hilbertz abruptly in 2007. Further development of Biorock method © further led by Dr. Goreau is the President of the Global Coral Reef Alliance and is assisted by multinational volunteers. By using weak electrical currents – safe enough for organisms and divers – to be transported to underwater conductive structures, minerals dissolved in seawater such as calcium, magnesium and bicarbonate will precipitate and adhere to the structure. The result is a composite substrate of hydromagnesite brine and lime, with mechanical strength equivalent to concrete. Since it is obtained from seawater, this material is comparable in composition with natural coral reefs.

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